Types of Appliances

Elastics (Rubber Bands)

Wearing elastics improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. When worn as instructed, they’ll work far more efficiently!

Palatal Expander

The palatal expander “expands” (or widens) your upper jaw by putting pressure on your molars every time an adjustment is made to them. Dr. Cochran will let you know when and how to adjust your expander. Once you achieve the desired expansion, you’ll wear it for a few months to prevent regression.


Positioners help complete the final tooth movements in your treatment. We’ll need your full cooperation to ensure that you can stop wearing it in four to eight weeks.


These hold your teeth in their new positions after your teeth have been straightened, and may be removable or fixed. Dr. Cochran will instruct you on how to care for it and what to do while you wear it. It’s important to use your retainer as instructed to make sure your teeth keep their correct positions!

Separators or Spacers

Separators are small rubber “doughnuts” that can be placed between your teeth to push them apart. This will allow for orthodontic bands during your next appointment and will be removed then. Refrain from sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss while using these!

Bite Correctors

The BioBite Corrector is a modern appliance that ensures the correct position of the lower jaw and perfect teeth contacts.

Carriere Distalizers

The Carriere Distalizer is used for Class II bites to push your upper teeth back while correcting your bite over time. So while it looks nothing like headgear, it accomplishes the same goal! This device is commonly used before braces and is formed with a metal bar that is placed on your teeth and fixed to an upper molar and canine tooth. After, we add an elastic band which creates the tension required for this treatment. Check out the video below to see how it’s placed!